Hardwood regeneration related to overstory shortleaf pine basal area and site index in Arkansas and eastern Oklahoma

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  • Author(s): Stevenson, Douglas J.; Lynch, Thomas B.; Guldin, James M.
  • Date: 2007
  • Station ID: General Technical Report - Proceedings-NRS-15

Abstract

Shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata Mill.) grows in association with many other woody species, particularly understory hardwoods, which compete with it, limiting its productivity. Along with other species, sweet-gum (Liquidambar styracifua L.) is a major competitor on better-quality sites but decreases rapidly in importance as pine site index (SI) decreases and pine overstory increases.

  • Citation: Stevenson, Douglas J.; Lynch, Thomas B.; Guldin, James M. 2007. Hardwood regeneration related to overstory shortleaf pine basal area and site index in Arkansas and eastern Oklahoma. In: Kabrick, John M.; Dey, Daniel C.; Gwaze, David, eds. Shortleaf pine restoration and ecology in the Ozarks: proceedings of a symposium; 2006 November 7-9; Springfield, MO. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-15. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 137.

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