Evidence for ongoing introduction of non-native earthworms in the Washington, DC metropolitan area

  • Authors: Callaham, Mac A.; Snyder, Bruce A.; James, Samuel W.; Oberg, Erik T.
  • Publication Year: 2016
  • Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
  • Source: Biological Invasions
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10530-016-1230-2

Abstract

Earthworm introductions and invasions are ongoing, with significant consequences for ecological characteristics and function where populations of invasive species reach high densities. In North America the influx of people, goods and materials to coastal cities has long been recognized to be related to introduction and establishment of many different invasive organisms. We conducted surveys for soil invertebrates in the Washington, DC area along the Potomac River corridor to examine the influence of historic soil profile disrupting disturbances on the composition of soil invertebrate communities. Here we report three earthworm taxa that either (1) had never been previously reported in North America (Lumbricidae: Helodrilus oculatus), (2) had never been reported from ‘‘wild’’ caught samples in forested soils (Lumbricidae: Eisenia fetida), or (3) represented a notable range expansion for an introduced species (Lumbricidae: Murchieona muldali). All three species reported here have attributes that give reason for concern over their expansion into North American soils, not least of which is their potential for competitive interactions with the remaining native earthworm species.

  • Citation: Callaham, Mac A.; Snyder, Bruce A.; James, Samuel W.; Oberg, Erik T. 2016. Evidence for ongoing introduction of non-native earthworms in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. Biological Invasions. 4 p.  DOI:10.1007/s10530-016-1230-2
  • Keywords: Earthworm invasion, Soil macroinvertebrates, Soil disturbance, Native species conservation, Public land management
  • Posted Date: September 14, 2016
  • Modified Date: February 7, 2017
  • Requesting Print Publications

    Publication requests are subject to availability. Fiscal responsibility limits the hardcopies of publications we produce and distribute. Electronic versions of publications may be downloaded, distributed and printed.

    Please make any requests at pubrequest@fs.fed.us.

    Publication Notes

    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
    • Our online publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact the SRS webmaster if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • To view this article, download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader.