100 years of Progress in Applied Meteorology Part III: Additional Applications
Applied Meteorology is an important and rapidly growing field. This chapter concludes the three-chapter series of this monograph describing how meteorology information can be used to serve society’s needs, while at the same time advancing our understanding of the basics of the science. This chapter continues along the lines of part II of this series by discussing ways that meteorology and climate information can help improve the output of the agriculture and food security sector. It also discusses how agriculture alters climate and its long-term implications. It finally pulls together several of the applications discussed by treating the food-energy-water nexus. The remaining topics of this chapter are those that are advancing quite rapidly with more opportunities for observation and needs for prediction. The study of space weather is advancing our understanding of how the barrage of particles from other planetary bodies in the solar system impact Earth’s atmosphere. Our ability to predict wildland fires by coupling atmospheric and fire behavior models is beginning to impact firefighter decision support systems. Finally, we examine how artificial intelligence is changing the way we predict, emulate, and optimize our meteorological variables and its potential to amplify our capabilities. Many of these advances are directly due to the rapid increase in observational data and computer power. The applications reviewed in this series of chapters is not comprehensive, but will whet the reader’s appetite for learning more about how meteorology can make a concrete impact on the world’s population by enhancing their access to resources, preserving the environment, and feeding back into a better understanding how the pieces of the environmental system interact.